Who is Eligible?
The governmental entity that has the primary statutory or legal responsibility for public health in a Tribe, state, territory, or at the local level is eligible to apply for accreditation.
To be eligible, such entities must operate in a manner consistent with applicable federal, Tribal, state, territorial, and local statutes. A health department must meet one of the following definitions to apply for PHAB accreditation:
A Tribal health department is defined, for the purposes of PHAB accreditation, as a federally recognized Tribal government, Tribal organization, or inter-Tribal consortium, as defined in the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, as amended. Such departments have jurisdictional authority to provide public health services, as evidenced by constitution, resolution, ordinance, executive order, or other legal means, intended to promote and protect the Tribeʼs overall health, wellness and safety; prevent disease; and respond to issues and events. Federally recognized Tribal governments may carry out the above public health functions in a cooperative manner through formal agreement, formal partnership, or formal collaboration.
1. As evidenced by inclusion on the list of recognized Tribes mandated under 25 U.S.C. § 479a-1. Publication of List of Recognized Tribes.
For the purposes of PHAB accreditation, a state or territorial health department is defined as the governing entity with primary statutory authority to promote and protect the public’s health and prevent disease in humans. This authority is defined by state or territorial constitution, statutes or regulations, or established by Executive Order. State or territorial health departments may also apply if they are part of an umbrella organization, super public health agency, or super agency that oversees public health functions as well as other government functions. However, PHAB will review and accredit only the public health function of the health department.
A local health department is defined, for the purposes of PHAB accreditation, as the governmental body serving a jurisdiction or group of jurisdictions geographically smaller than a state and recognized as having the primary statutory authority to promote and protect the public’s health and prevent disease in humans. This authority is defined by the state’s constitution, statute, or regulations or established by local ordinance or through formal local cooperative agreement or mutual aid. The entity may be a locally governed health department, a local entity of a centralized state health department, or a city, city-county, county, district, or regional health department.
Entities that meet the definition of a local or Tribal health department may apply jointly for accreditation if some essential services are provided by formally sharing resources and the manner in which this occurs is clearly demonstrated.